58th Armored Infantry Battalion: Maj. George Artman Place and date: Near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 December 1944. 508th CIC Detachment: Lt. A. J. Stanchick Very little other training was done. 9th Infantry Division. 405th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, 130th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion 215th FA Bn (155mm How) 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 Div. (as of 24 October 1944), Combat Command A: Col. Charles F. Colson CCB had suffered 198 casualties this period. The campaign of the US along with our allies including but not limited to the Australians, British, Chinese and Filipinos against the Japanese stretched from Australia to China and into the Western Pacific became known as the Asiatic-Pacific Theater. 989th Engr Treadway Br Co 10 Mar 45-15 Mar 45, 691st FA Bn (105mm How) 21 Feb 45-27 Feb 45 Headquarters Company:14 Officers, 159 other ranks 1.1. and received orders to attack towards the west to help reduce the Ruhr Pocket. The town of Billmerich was also captured. [1], On 7 April the eastward movement of the US 2nd Armored Division and the westward movement of the 8th Armored created a gap of 180 miles (290 km) between the two fronts. ... 8th Armored Division World War II 2 Patch Officially Licensed. 130th Armored Ordnance Battalion: Lt. Col. The Regiment then advanced south through Avranches and Rennes and turned west into Brittany. The armored infantrymen were not issued the Browning Automatic Rifle as each rifle platoon contained 2 M1919A4 medium machine guns as well as the 4 M1919A4's and 1 M2 mounted on the platoon's halftracks. CCA headed for the town of Wegberg. [1], CCB completed clearing resistance from the edge of Forest Heimburg south of Derenburg while units of the 2nd Armored relieved CCR allowing it to move into the vicinity of Stroebeck in preparation for reducing resistance in Blankenburg. CCR captured the towns of Stripe and Norddorf, and continued through Vollinghausen, Oberhagen, and Ebbinghausen before stopping for the night in front of Horne. The German drive for Strasbourg brought a rush call for armor, and the division moved across France in the midst of a blizzard, skidding into Pont-à-Mousson three days and 350 miles later, only to find that the enemy thrust had been halted. Div. CCB moved to Westerhausen and CCR moved to Aspenstedt to clear the remaining woods around Blankenburg. Co. C, 53 Armored Engineers built a bridge across the canal in just 44 minutes. CCA tanks and infantry destroyed fifteen pillboxes, captured Tetelrath, and crossed the Swalm River while CCB attacked and captured the towns of Arsbeck and Ober Kruchten. CCA was assigned to attack Delbruck, CCB to attack Paderborn. The devastating successes of the German armored units in Poland and France underscored America's need for an effective armored force. Heavy fighting, primarily against the 130th Panzer Division, took place in and around Rheinberg resulting in 199 divisional casualties and the loss of 41 tanks while the Germans suffered 350 men killed and 512 taken prisoner. Following heavy air and artillery attacks in the morning, the tank-infantry assault was made, and the city was captured before dark. The 8th participated in the liberation of the Halberstadt-Zwieberge concentration camps near Langenstein (see below). [1], CCA captured Dorsten early the next morning and CCB moved in to secure the area so CCA could join CCR in their advance to the east towards the town of Marl. The 8th, along with many of the other armored units arriving in Europe in late 1944, was equipped with all 76 mm armed Shermans. Unfortunately these changes had not been fully implemented when Rommel attacked on 26 May 1942, pushed the 8th Army back and captured Tobruk on 21 June. of the 83rd Inf. CCB moved on Unna capturing Holtun and Hemmerude. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. Days in Combat 63, Headquarters Company 8th Armored losses were 3 M4A3 Sherman tanks, 4 Halftracks and heavy personnel casualties. View some pictures of recent Exhibits. It would have been in the fight against the Wehrmacht much sooner had it not been so valuable as a training division. There were 20 Infantry Divisions, 10 Armored Divisions and 3 Airborne Divisions that received the Ardennes Credit. 49th Armored Infantry Battalion: Lt. Col. M. G. Roseborough This surrender was the end of organized resistance from the 116th Panzer Division. [3], Of interest is that all details regarding the camp were sealed and classified by the US Government; presumably because of the camp's involvement with an improved version of the V-1 flying bomb. [7] The M4A3E8 76 or 'Easy Eight' version of the Sherman was also used by the 8th as it became available. The 8th supported the 94th Infantry Division's attack on Nennig, Berg and Sinz, 19–28 January 1945 aimed at reducing the salient between the Saar and Moselle Rivers.[1]. The next day the division began to attack Blankenburg. The 116th Panzer Division was defending both and the approaches had been heavily mined. Before it sailed for overseas on Election Day, 1944, the “Iron Snake,” as it is now known, trained more than 50,000 officers and men, who were shipped abroad to fill gaps in eight other armored divisions. When our tank forces took the severe mauling at Kasserine Pass, 4,000 trained replacements of the 8th Armored were shipped directly to Tunisia to help save the day, and launched the drive which pushed Rommel out of North Africa. 18th Tank Battalion The ships arrived in Southampton on 18 November and the division moved to Tidworth Barracks, joining the newly formed US Fifteenth Army. [1], On 21 April CCR cleared the woods south of Blankenburg and linked up with elements of the 1st Inf. Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mech. Most of CCB moved on to Halberstadt with some units remaining in Wolfenbüttel until the rest of the Division arrived. The casualties suffered by a typical American infantry regiment serving in World War II were horrendous. 8th Armored Division in World War II. If you can't find someone you are looking for, please go to our search page. The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognize the need to drastically increase the number of its armored units. 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion[4]. [1][6], The M4A3 76 were M4A3 Shermans tanks fitted with a more powerful 76 mm cannon. Also included are units of the 8th and 9th Army Air Forces. [1], From 8 May through 30 May the Division remained on occupation duty and continued to clean up stragglers and small pockets of resistance. [1], On 27 February 8 crossed the Roer River via the Hilfarth Bridge which had been captured by the 35th Inf. On 1 May the 58th Inf. The next day CCR captured Hohenheide and Fröndenberg after an air strike drove 4 German tanks out of the town. 691st Tk Bn 21 Feb 45-28 Feb 45 The Division landed on Omaha and Utah Beaches, 13–14 August 1944, and was assigned to Third U.S. Army. On 19 April CCA was relieved and returned to Wernigerode from Seehausen where it in turn relieved the 330th Inf. Periodically, prisoners throughout the Buchenwald camp system underwent selection. [1][6], Early experience with armored warfare in the First World War made it clear that tanks could not fight in isolation. Company Headquarters:27 Officers, 194 other ranks 1.2. [1], The same day the US 9th Armored Division captured a bridge over the Rhine at Remagen. 1st Infantry Division 2nd Infantry Division. [1], On 19 September the division began the 600-mile (970 km) trip to Camp Oklahoma City near Rheims, France for deployment home. Click on a link to access the respective web site. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. From Chartres, the Division advanced to liberate Dreux and then Melun, where they crossed the Seine Ri… 3 May 45 Maj. Henry C. Schraeder, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. William S. Crittendon Entered Combat--Entire Division 23 February 45 On 30 May the Division was assigned to Third Army. 7th Armored Infantry Battalion: Lt. Col. A. D. Poinier Division Chronicle. lost two men to snipers who had to be killed since they would not surrender. He had been in combat continuously from D-Day plus 2 (8 June 1944) when he landed at Normandy as artillery commander of the 90th Infantry Division. 275th Armd FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 The 8th Armored Division was activated on 1 April 1942 at Fort Knox, Kentucky, with "surplus" units of the recently reorganized 4th Armored Division and newly-organized units. [1], 3 March CCB moved through CCA area and captured Aldekerk while CCR captured Saint Hubert, Vinnbruck and Saelhuysen in their advance toward Moers. three miles east of … The Battalion was made of 3 Armored Infantry Companies: A, B and C which in turn were made up of: Early in the war, the anti-tank platoon would have included an 37 mm anti-tank cannon but by the time the 8th entered combat in late 1944 the 37 mm was deemed ineffective against German armor and was discarded from the TO & E.[6], The primary weapon of the Armored Infantryman was the M1 Garand rifle. Armoured warfare or armored warfare , mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare. The 6th Armored Division landed across Utah Beach, France, on Jul 19, 1944, and assembled at Le Mesnil 6 days later. The Division arrived on the European Continent on 4 Jul 44 and elements began their World War II combat on 6 July with the entire division engaged on 8 July 1944. 1.1. The Germans lost 160 personnel, 2 tanks and a battery of 88's. The 8th was composed of 3 tank battalions: Each battalion comprised approximately 80 tanks and was organized as a headquarters unit and 6 companies: The Headquarters unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 3 M4A3 Sherman tanks (usually not used and held as a reserve) and various peeps (World War II US Armored divisions called the jeep a 'peep') and similar vehicles.[6]. Nennig and Berg were defended by elements of the German 11th Panzer Division; specifically the 110th, 111th and elements of the 774th Panzer Grenadier Regiments. Later CCR was relieved and ordered to move to the vicinity of Denstorf. The 8th Armored Division was activated on Apr 1, 1942, at Fort Knox, Kentucky, with “surplus” units of the recently reorganized 4th Armored Division and newly-organized units. Units could be assigned to one of the Combat Commands at need, creating a very flexible formation. At Tobruk the Eight Army lost the 2nd South African division together with one Army tank brigade, one British and one Indian Infantry Brigade, which had to surrender.. During the period from November 1941 to August 1942 the British 8th … Buchenwald administered at least 87 subcamps located across Germany, from Düsseldorf in the Rhineland to the border with the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in the east. Plunging past Dorsten, the 8th Armored fought through Polsum, Kirchellen, Zweckel, Buer Massel and Kol Berlich, grinding down compressed German opposition. If you have any data on units and those who served we would be interested in adding it to our digital project-library; please Contact Us. The primary striking force of the Armored Division was the tank. Grimes left the division on 6 October 1944 just prior to the divisions shipment overseas. lost an officer and three more men when a powder plant blew up in Munchshaf. The 8th Infantry Division was formed in 1918 during World War I and was sent to France that same year. The Armored Infantry was developed to fill that role.[8]. 53d Armored Engineer Battalion The division served as the first official military guardian of the gold vault at Fort Knox. 1.1.1… on the left. The Twelfth Army Group was tasked with reducing the pocket. 681st FA Bn 4 Apr 45-10 Apr 45 I. O. Drewry. It was activated as a combat division and arrived in the United Kingdom in November 1944. On 3 April fighter-bombers (known as Jabos by the troops) of the US 9th Air Corps provided close air support in the Teutoburg Forest and Neuhaus areas. [1], The 8th received orders on 27 March to secure the road running from Hamm to Soest. Citation: He was the leader of a combat patrol on 21 December 1944 near Grufflingen, Belgium, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-in positions in a heavily wooded area. The 8th Armored Division was an armored division of the United States Army that served in the European Theater of World War II. [1], US Armored Infantrymen advance past an M4A3 Sherman tank in Central Germany, April 1945, After leaving the Ruhr Pocket on 13 April the division moved east. The week's action resulted in the loss of 50% of the personnel the 110th and 111th Panzer-Grenadier Divisions had brought into the Saar-Moselle triangle. Devine was personally selected by Gen. Eisenhower to command the 8th Armored. 7th Armored Infantry Battalion The third side of the armored division's offensive triangle was the Armored Field Artillery. 473rd AAA AW (SP) Battalion and secured the town of Wachtendonk at the confluence of Niers River and Nette River. The following day CCA joined the attack on Unna and CCB went into reserve. In September 1943 the division completed reorganization from the old style triangular division to the new 'light' armored division, as per War Department Letter AG-322, in preparation for activation as a combat unit. Unna finally fell that afternoon after another air strike. Copyright, 2021, Sons Of Liberty Museum, Inc.,All Rights Reserved, Technician Fourth Grade Carson M. Barbour. CCA attacked Sennelager directly in an attempt to reduce a German strongpoint. 398th Arm'd Field Artillery Battalion: Lt. Col R. H. Dawson[4], Combat Command B: Col. Edward A. Kimball The 8th received orders on 1 April from XIX Corps to set up two spearheads for an attack to the east, the 2nd Armored and 30th Infantry in one and the 8th Armored and 83rd Infantry in the other. The division was the first armored division to cross the Rhine in the 9th Army area, crossing at bridge sites 'G' and 'H'. CCB was relieved at 2400 and ordered to the Venlo, Holland, rest area, the relief being completed on 10 and 11 March. The Roer crossing was in progress, and Major General John M. Devine pushed the 8th Armored across to take Merbeck and Tetelrath. Joseph Lyten, a dentist from the 8th Armored Division medical battalion. CCB attacked Lintfort and Rheinberg with the 35th. They went overseas on 5 December 1943 where they trained in Ireland for the Invasion of Europe.. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. Following is a brief history. 695th FA Bn 27 Mar 45-31 Mar 45 The city fell on 18 August. 1. His prior assignment was Commanding General, Combat Command B, 7th Armored Division. of the First Army. It was essential that tanks be supported by infantry. Division Trains: Col. Y. D. Vesely On 19 February the division moved to Roermond, the Netherlands to relieve the British 7th Armoured Division in the vicinity of Echt and launched a diversionary attack as part of Operation Grenade, pushing the enemy north of the Heide woods and east of the Roer River. C $7.64 + C $3.21 shipping . CCR and moved up to attack Elsen to help CCB repel a strong German counterattack launched from Sennelager. Armored Division at Roermond, Holland, where it had been rushed secretly to relieve the British 7th Armored Division—part of the famed “Desert Rats” of Africa—and join the Ninth Army. [1], For the period of 15–18 April CCB cleared the area near the Hartz Mountains of remnants of the 11th Panzer Army while CCA began moving to Seehausen to support the attack on Magdeburg by the XIX Corps. This 8th Armored Division World War II emblematic hat is six panel, full back (not mesh) and fully adjustable embroidered with the 8th Armored Division, the 8th Armored Patch, WW II and European Service Ribbons - American Campaign Ribbon, European Campaign and World War II Victory Ribbon. The 8th crossed the Lippe River, and assembled at Selm. 8th Infantry Division. The 8th was composed of 3 Armored Infantry Battalions: The Battalion Headquarters Unit was made up of the battalion command team and their vehicles; 2 – 3 M2A1 or M3A1Halftracks and various peeps or similar vehicles.[6]. They captured the towns of Wamel, Brullinggsen, Ellingsen, and Westendorfdisambiguation needed. The battalion was broken down into 5 Batteries and usually organized as: Batteries A, B and C consisted of 6 self-propelled guns and supporting vehicles broken out as follows: Reconnaissance in the armored divisions was performed by the Armored Reconnaissance Battalion in the old style heavy division or by the Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized in the light divisions such as the 8th. Heading east, it passed through Westerholt and Langenbochum, engaging the German defenses in Recklinghausen only 2,500 yards (2,300 m) away. 78th Armored Medical Battalion [1], The 8th launched its attack on schedule but CCB was soon stalled by fierce German resistance at Neuhausdisambiguation needed. At the end of the day, CCB relieved CCR and attacked westward toward Soest; capturing the towns of Schallen and Lohne while CCA continued attacking south capturing the towns of Anroechte, Mensel, Drewer, and Altenruthen. The Division fought on into Unna, near Dortmund, and then was pulled out of combat and sent rolling 100 miles to Wolfenbuttel. It was also known as the "Iron Snake" late in the war, after a correspondent for Newsweek likened the 8th to a "great ironclad snake" as it crossed the Rhine River in late March 1945. More than 5,000 inmates were incarcerated in these two subcamps, where they were forced to hollow out massive tunnels and build underground factories for Junkers Aircraft of Aircraft Motors Construction Company, which produced military aircraft.[3]. CCR, in the meantime, outposted all roads northeast of Soest to facilitate an attack on the town by the 94th Inf. Other weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections administered by the camp doctor. 148th Armored Signal Company, 398th Armored Field Artillery Battalion For example, by the end of January, 1945, the 47 th Infantry Regiment (which fought in France and Germany) had lost well over 100% of their strength to battle casualties, where men were either killed, wounded, missing, or taken as prisoner of war. 3 May 45 Maj. Gen. John M. Devine, 21 Nov 44 Lt. Col. Emmet R. White CCB captured Werl by late afternoon after heavy resistance during the day. The 8th Infantry Division, ("Pathfinder") was an infantry division of the United States Army during the 20th century.The division served in World War I, World War II, and Operation Desert Storm.Initially activated in January 1918, the unit did not see combat during World War I and returned to the United States. A brief History of the 8th Armored Division "Thundering Herd" The 8th Armored Division was activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on 1 Apr 1942. At 1000 hours a 13 plane squadron attacked Blankenburg and immediately afterward the burgomeister was contacted about surrendering after a show of force. The next day CCR captured Kolonie Bertlich. [1], There is an official 8th Armored Division memorial at the American Cemetery in the city of Margraten, The Netherlands[4], The nickname of the 8th Armored Division, the "Thundering Herd", was coined before the division went to Europe in late 1944. During this period the Division became the first US or British unit to uncover the existence of the secret Werwolf organization when several cleverly camouflaged bunkers were discovered, each containing 12 to 15 fully equipped German soldiers. The division, finding the enemy already halted and beginning to fall back, took part in the Third Army drive against the Moselle-Saar salient. [1], On 24 March 18 Tank Bn of the 8th Armored Division was ferried across in support of the 30th Infantry prior to the Division's crossing. 959th FA Bn (4.5" Gun) 5 Apr 45-10 Apr 45, 290th CT (- 1st Bn) (75th Div) 27 Mar 45-30 Mar 45 Sabotage was suspected. Once known as the “Show Horse” Division, the 8th Armored Division proved it was a work-horse outfit in the brief time it was in combat against the Nazi military machine. New orders were received late in the next day to capture Dorsten so that the Lippe River could be bridged allowing armor to move northward. Band, 21 Nov 44 Brig. By 9 March CCB of the 8th secured the town of Ossenberg as well as the towns of Borth and Wallach. Reg. NOTICE: 8th Armored Division Association Annual Reunion. 80th Tank Battalion This was the last major battle waged by the 8th Armored Division. The division served as the first official military guardian of … [1], CCR crossed the Rappholtz-Muhlen Canal on 30 March and captured Buer-Hassel. CCA was relieved on 13 April and ordered to move east of Unna across the Weser River to the vicinity of Wolfenbüttel. A training command was needed to supply trained men for these future units. The US 9th Air Force continued to provide close air support as the division continued into the Ruhr Pocket through heavy fighting in the Lippstadt area. 53rd Armored Engineer Battalion: Lt. Col. E. T. Podufaly Reduce a German strongpoint rolling 100 miles to Wolfenbuttel Werl by late afternoon after resistance! Included recon, movement to contact, engineering and minefield clearing problems of Alpen meantime, all. Division received orders on 27 March to secure the road running from Hamm Soest... Cca attacked on the drive west, CCR suffered 203 casualties and lost 11 tanks, 4 Halftracks and personnel... To one of three tank battalions in the European Theater of World War II 2 Patch Officially Licensed (... 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